HomeLocal NewsFate of Wabbaseka Flag Memorial Up In Air; State’s Oldest Flag to Receive a Makeover
The recent discovery of land along U.S. 79 belonging to Union Pacific Railroad and not the city of Wabbaseka has left the Arkansas Flag/Wabbaseka Memorial Plaza in the Wabbaseka Community Park in limbo.
The original state flag was designed by Willie Kavanaugh Hocker, a Pine Bluff school principal from Wabbaseka. This is the location where the memorial was created five years ago by Jason Irby, an author and local historian. The site also honored military veterans.
Irby said that he and the Wabbaseka Memorial Committee were “shocked” to learn about UP’s ownership claim of the land because they received permission from the city of Wabbaseka to place the flag and veterans memorial there in 2013.
Wabbaseka Mayor Myra Edwards said that she had always thought the city owned the land, “but it is indeed owned by the railroad.”
No one is sure just how the mixup occurred. A railroad spokesman revealed that there has been an offer to lease the land to the city for the memorial site, but Irby said he doesn’t want to place that burden on the community. He said he and others associated with the memorial site are currently seeking other options.
The memorial was spearheaded by Irby to honor the 100th year anniversary of the Arkansas Flag, the USS Arkansas Navy battleship, veterans and to recognize Hocker.
“I do not want to put any additional financial burdens on the city of Wabbaseka nor place additional expenses on the members and patrons of our flag and veterans memorial,” Irby said.
“We are currently reviewing offers and options for potential locations and/or funding resources, This memorial was established as a gesture of goodwill to honor and recognize notable histories related to Miss Willie K Hocker, the Arkansas Flag, and the USS Arkansas Navy battleship concerning this community and state that have far-reaching impacts into our nation.”
A grand flag ceremony was recently held at the memorial, at which the multiple flags that had flown there were given to patrons of the memorial for safekeeping until a new location can be found, Irby said in a news release.
Meanwhile, State Archives Curator Julienne Crawford and state preservationists are preparing the original 1913 Arkansas flag — as well as another early 1900s state flag that was stretched out, unframed on an adjacent table — for transport to West Virginia next year for an estimated $20,000 makeover.
The refurbishing is financed by a grant from the Arkansas Natural and Cultural Resources Council. The council, founded in 1987 by the Arkansas Legislature, awards its funds for the acquisition, management and stewardship of state-owned lands or the preservation of state-owned historic sites, buildings, structures or objects.
In 1912, just nine months before the commissioning of the U.S. Navy’s newest battleship, the USS Arkansas, the Pine Bluff chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution launched a statewide design contest to create the state’s first flag.
Hocker’s creation was a red flag with a white diamond in the middle containing three blue stars and bordered with a blue band containing 25 white stars.
The diamond represents the state’s diamond mine in Murfreesboro while the three middle stars represent France, Spain and the United States — the three nations whose flags had flown over the state — and the 25 white stars signify Arkansas’s place as the 25th state admitted to the Union. A fourth star was added to the center by the Legislature in 1923 to represent Arkansas being in the Confederacy.
The origins of the second flag — this one with the same design except with “ARKANSAS” emblazoned across the white diamond — are more obscure. It was “probably donated by L.E. Sawyer or Earle W. Hodges in about 1915 or 1916,” Crawford said.
Melissa Whitfield, communications director for the Department of Arkansas Heritage, said the flag’s restoration fits perfectly with the council’s mission.
“What can be more iconic than the original Arkansas state flag?” Whitfield said.
Crawford gently flipped the heavy frame and pointed to the backing.
“We found plans printed on here for the design of the state Capitol grounds,” she said, wide-eyed.
The faded drawing on the backing depicts the grounds with a maze of winding paths bordered by dozens of trees. The middle shows the Capitol.
Textile Preservation Associates Inc. of Ranson, West Virginia, will preserve the drawing, Crawford said, and the state will add it to its cache of historical displays.
The flags will remain at the State Archives until they can be transported to the conservator. Textile Preservation Associates has a waiting list and will notify Crawford when it’s time to put the flags on the move.
“It will be 2019 before they are ready to receive it,” she said.
The flags will be carefully crated to protect them on route and will be delivered either by a State Archives employee or a professional art shipping service, Crawford said.
The original flag has been encased in glass since 1916. Until the conservation team members start the dismantling process, they won’t know how exactly the flag was adhered to the display — or how difficult it will be to remove the adhesive.
The matboard covers the edges of the flag, but at least eight pieces of linen tape can be seen attached to the perimeter of the flag.
Once the flag reaches West Virginia, the preservation team will test the linen tape to find the most effective and safest solvent or they will resort to another method of removal. When the flag is free of its frame, it will be vacuumed to remove surface contaminants, then humidified with distilled water to remove the wrinkles.
The fibers, fabrics and sewing threads will be carefully examined and documented in a report with photographs.
The damaged fabric that comprises the white diamond will be sandwiched between two layers of sheer synthetic fabric, then hand-sewn, cutting away the fabric from the blue stars.
Once the repair work is completed, the flag will be placed on a buffered, acid-free panel that will be covered with polyester batting and unbleached fine cotton fabric. The flag will be adhered to the panel with a row of silk-thread stitching across the top.
An ultraviolet filtering glazing — special glass that reduces light exposure — will be laid over the flag, applying a light pressure to the fabric. The entire unit will be placed in a custom-made pressure-mount frame with a supporting aluminum back and an outer frame of cream beige aluminum.
The other flag — which was donated to the state in 1916 and was encased in a frame until 2006 and secured in place using nails — will go through much the same restorative process, then encapsulated in a pressure-mounted frame.
The second flag differs from the original state flag in that it is made from a heavy cotton fabric and “Arkansas” is appliqued in dark blue Gothic lettering across the center white diamond.
The fabric is badly faded and its lines suggest that it was subjected to moisture at some point. There are holes and splits in the top fly corner and the bottom third of the flag is torn away from the hoist.
The stains on the flag will be tested to see if they can be safely dissolved and the pH of the flag will be tested to determine the acidity of the cotton fabric. The flag will be soaked in deionized water to reduce the stains and acidity level and to remove creases.
According to the contract with Textile Preservation Associates, both flags should be ready to return home in June.
The process is painstaking and takes time, Crawford said. More than 75 percent — or $15,200 of $20,154 — of the contract is for labor.